What or Who Do You Blame?

Addiction Treatment in New Jersey faces a question asked by hundreds of people every day, a question that has very little point in the answer. Sober living in New Jersey isn’t doesn’t gain any new insight with the ‘blame’ model when it comes to trying to understand why someone would become addicted. Blaming big pharma, blaming a person’s choices, blaming their parents, this serves no one, especially the person who is suffering from substance use disorder.

According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, the definition of addiction is defined as such:

“Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.”

Furthermore, modern research has revealed that there could be up to fifty-percent influence of genetic makeup of a person that can make them more prone to addictive behavior, including substance abuse patterns. So what does this all mean?

Well, we can take a hypothetical scenario to illustrate where blame start to dissolve into non-existent concern for treatment:

Two people are involved in a car wreck. They are unrelated to one another. They both suffer serious injuries. One of the people breaks the left leg, the other person breaks their right leg. Both are required to have minor surgery to repair their leg and both are prescribed an opioid like oxycodone to nullify the pain after surgery. The person who breaks their right leg takes the pills as prescribed and once their prescription runs out, it’s around the time their leg is healed and they live a healthy life after the cast is taken off and they can walk without crutches. The person with their left leg broken takes the pills, but each pill seems to do less. The pain goes away but only for a short time. To balance this, they take more and make their way through twice as many pills as the person who breaks their left leg. After their leg heals and they’re off crutches, they find there’s still pain, but a different kind that occurs only when they have no pills. They return to the doctor to get more pills for this new pain, but it’s too late; they’re addicted.

You may have seen this occur with people who are addicted to alcohol as well. One person seems unable to ‘hold their alcohol’ or they may be have situations where they show up to places where sobriety is required but under the influence, despite everyone they know can limit their drinking to special occassions or at home now and then.

Discovery InstituteIn these situations, there is no possible blame to put anywhere, making it irrelevant in diagnosis and treatment. Maybe we can blame the addiction of the two people on the accident, but how would that fix the issue? Time cannot be reversed to avoid the accident.

The best New Jersey rehab, Discovery Institute, offers a variety of treatment options. Call 844-478-6563 to discover sobriety today.

Experimental Project To Create More Opportunities for Treatment

Addiction treatment in New Jersey is not always where people can access it. While drug rehab centers in NJ are fairly easy to find, not all of them are in convenient areas for some people who might be seeking treatment. This problem is especially acute in Pennsylvania, which is why they are attempting to remedy the problem with an experimental program which aims to reduce this gap in treatment availability and could provide a blueprint for other states to follow, including New Jersey.

Project ECHO is their proposed solution. People with substance use disorders are often near a hospital, as hospitals are common even in lower populated areas of the state, but treatment centers often tend to be much more sparsely located, often being concentrated in areas of high populations such as cities and their suburbs. Project ECHO, an already existing program in use around the world for at least 90 disease topics, is an educational system for physicians to expand their range of knowledge about emerging health trends and how to treat and prevent them. The latest addition which is being adopted by Penn State College of Medicine centers around opioid addiction treatment.

Those who are in support of the efforts of Project ECHO say the benefits of the program benefit not only those seeking help for their addiction but also the doctors, as they can expand the range of illnesses they are capable of treating, while offering more access to people who don’t have easy opportunities to find a treatment center.

“Research evaluating the project hasn’t kept pace with the growth of the movement clinically,” says the director of Project ECHO at the university, Dr. Jennifer Kraschnewski. “It’s our goal to create an evidence base to support the model and its ability to mentor primary care providers outside of the urban academic hubs. We also aim to learn how best to grow and use Project ECHO as an intervention.”

Dr. Kraschnewski is also director of Addiction Services for Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and is enthusiastic about the possibility for Project ECHO to help physicians become more effective at their job while also addressing patient needs. “What excites me is that Project ECHO gets to the heart of the challenges of treating some of a physician’s toughest patients. We’re creating a community to support and educate physicians and improve the chances that they can provide the care their patients need rather than sending them to a specialist for first-line treatment.”

The program encompasses 12 sessions which accommodate 20 clinicians, including Dr. Kraschnewski, that form a hub and centers around discussing complex patient cases and how to administer effective treatment measures. Those who attend the sessions are allowed to form spoke learning hubs to give further reach to more physicians and effectively dispersing the most up-to-date information on treating patients.

Discovery InstituteWhile New Jersey state officials and physicians are not yet participating, if the program proves effective in its goals, it’s only a matter of time before participation in Project ECHO or forming a similar coalition becomes part of the ongoing battle against addiction and overdose deaths in the state.

If you or someone you know might be suffering from opioid use disorder or some other addiction, Discovery Institute is one of the top rated drug rehab centers around. Call 844-478-6563 for more information on counseling and treatment options.


Family Ties

If you’re a person who’s close family member is someone you suspect is suffering from addiction, or a substance use disorder, you may be desperate to get them into addiction treatment in New Jersey but feel pressured to wait for them to hit ‘rock bottom’. It’s a scary thing to wonder if that point may end up with their death or permanent brain or physical damage from their drug use.

A recent article in Psychiatric Times (https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/article/coaching-families-address-addiction) presents a variety of methods for parents, brothers, sisters, cousins and even friends navigate the complex behavior that accompanies someone’s addiction and ways to encourage them to seek help and find sober living in New Jersey. Often times the concerned family members have already come into contact with the more deceptive and manipulative behaviors of someone who is struggling with their substance use disorder.

“Family members who have been manipulated by a person with an addiction for money or other support are often angry and resentful. But by providing the family with psychoeducation – specifically, approaches that are likely to be helpful but also protect the family from being further abused – one can reassure family members and bring them into a makeshift ‘treatment team’”, says Laurence Westreich, MD and fellow of the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, the article’s author. He warns against simply handing over cash or access to material support an instead setting up specific lanes of discussion or support that inches the person towards treatment without force.

The article also warns of ‘intervention’, despite the method gaining popularity within popular culture from various television shows that are more interested in capturing drama than promoting ways to help people with addiction. Instead, Dr. Westreich gives reason and examples to use non-confrontational communication and to practice such things before attempting to talk to their family member about seeking help.

“The essential point for family members to understand is that they are trying to build a therapeutic alliance with the person with addiction – and this is a skill that can be taught, even to non-clinicians, and even in the heat of a deteriorating clinical situation,” says Dr. Westreich. “The attitude must be that ‘we are together and we’re going to get through this’ rather than ‘you need to stop acting like a child’ or (even worse!) ‘just say NO!’”

Also covered is motivational enhancement, which emphasizes empathy in communication in place of dialogue that can be misconstrued as accusational. It is also emphasized that this technique, while effective, is often a long-term game to build trust.

Discovery InstituteThere are many ways to approach a family member suffering from substance use disorder and the sooner they enter treatment, the more chance of success and, more importantly, avoiding the devastating effects of drug abuse can be successful. If your maintain love for the person who is suffering from the condition, then you are already on the right track.

If you or someone you know is ready to handle their substance use disorder, call the one of the top rated drug rehab centers, Discovery Institute, at 844-478-6563.

Waiting for Rock Bottom

For many people who have been in addiction treatment in New Jersey or administer addiction treatment in NJ, there is a term used to define the moment that acts as a jolting event that turns into a positive action to seek sober living in New Jersey for their addiction or addictive behavior. For people who suffer from addiction, there’s the idea that it’s manageable, that it will somehow never come to that ‘moment’ where something terrible happens, that they’ll never hit ‘rock bottom’ and so therefore there’s no reason to seek treatment.

The issue with ‘rock bottom’ however, is that this level is different for everyone and the addiction itself kind of is rock bottom. The rock bottom people normally refer to is an externalized event related to a substance use disorder. While people’s personal experiences are unique to the individual, often times these rock-bottom events have very common traits; hospital visits, near death experiences, estranged loved ones and family, losing custody of children, losing a job, losing a place to live, etc. The events are all centered around loss of either health, lifestyle or social circles and no matter what an addict tries to do to maintain these things, they’re all inevitable. Rock bottom as defined by treatment facilities in this regard, is inescapable and is a reality of substance use disorder.

For this reason alone, recognizing a problem early on and dealing with it before one of these events occurs is far more important when treating substance use disorder and early identification is paramount. As they say, it’s easier easier to keep a car running than to deal with fixing it when it breaks down on the freeway.  

Some early warning signs of addiction should be taken seriously and if you suspect that one or more of these symptoms have begun developing within your habits, it’s definitely recommended to talk to a specialist for diagnosis and possible treatment:

1.) Being secretive about your substance use. Either you are worried what someone will think or have already been put on notice and continue to use the substance despite the concern of someone you know having over your usage.

2.) Budgeting rearrangement to support substance use. Whether you’re rolling in the money or not, substance use disorder can cost a lot of money. If you notice a constant increase in how much spending on a substance is taking from your normal income, consider that trajectory as a possible sign of addiction.

3.) Risky behavior. Many substances inhibit decision making, putting people’s frame of reference for action out of proportion. For instance, people suffering from alcoholism will consistently put their life or other people’s life in danger behind the wheel without considering the consequences of their inhibited ability to drive. Frequently making this choice should be a warning sign.

4.) Rearranging Priorities. If you notice that your priorities either obligational or entertainment are being rearranged to include a substance or eliminated altogether to indulge, this signifies an addictive behavior and should be considered a red flag.

Discovery InstituteIf you think you may be exhibiting warning signs of addiction or know someone who may be developing an addiction, don’t hesitate to call Discovery Institute at 844-478-6563.


Bad Information, Bad Results

In the age of the internet, many people believe they can educate themselves to be a functionally knowledgeable person about whatever topic they dream of. Don’t know what this rash is on your arm? In five minutes, someone will visit WebMD and conclude they know exactly what the rash is, how to cure it, how to prevent it and how to diagnose it in the future, thinking this is just as good as seeing a physician who has trained for years and has years of experience with tens of thousands of patients and properly treated all kinds of rashes.

A quote from the book “Pineapple Army” says it best, when the lead character was shouting after his student who decided after two days of training, he was ready to go face his bullies:

“A half mastered skill is worse than none!”, Joe shouted helplessly as he watched the eager teen disappear into the distance, running at full speed with a head full of false confidence.

When it comes to substance use disorders, such as cocaine addiction, people will immediately behave as if they know everything about addiction, even though medical research continues to reveal new things that even experts weren’t even sure on. Even when these new discoveries are made, it takes time to verify and adopt the new information into tangible action. Often times, the new information will contradict already established dogma that people have internalized about that subject.

Sometimes, it becomes so ingrained into public culture, that it decides government policies, attitudes and reaction to that thing, and substance use disorder has had a rather terrible track record in this regard historically. One of the first and most widely recognized mistakes to treat addiction publicly happened with the Prohibition era, which constitutionally banned use and sale of alcohol. The intent was noble; there were many people concerned about the effects of alcoholism on society, but lack of understanding about the problem lead to actions that made the situation so bad that the amendment was fully reversed just a few years later.

America continued to make these same mistakes, the most notable being the War On Drugs, which treated several very specific substances as contraband and anyone caught with it, using it or distributing it effectively a public enemy. Just like the prohibition era, the decisions made were noble, but ultimately made the problem worse because there was not sufficient information to even know what a good decision would be.

Discovery InstituteThe study of addiction as an ailment has only just recently become more understood, with treatments surfacing that fly in the face of public knowledge that is internalized about drug use even to this day. Experts in the field do their best to deliver as accurate new info as they possibly can as they obtain it, but the average person who is not in the industry has to have some trust that they are not trying to stir the pot or make you feel dumb, they’re trying to actually do what they can to help the public more effectively reverse addiction.

Addiction treatment in New Jersey is handled by professionals and experts. To find rehab in New Jersey, call Discovery Institute at 844-478-6563, top rated drug rehab centers.

Room For Both

For the last several years, opioid addictions to drugs such as oxycodone have been chewing up the headlines when it comes to media reporting and government attention. The news reports about fentanyl have added to the frenzy which has overshadowed the meta picture of the fact that the totality of addictions across all drugs have been climbing for the last 5 years along with overdose injuries and deaths.

“When you’re boots on the ground, what you see may surprise you, because it’s not in the headlines,” said Madeline Vaughn, former lead clinical intake coordinator at Houston-based Council on Recovery. In 2016, while reports in news outlets were buzzing about prescription opioids, heroin and fentanyl fatalities on the rise, she noticed her patients had symptoms of something else. Twitchy suspicion, poor memory and a feeling they were being followed weren’t symptoms of an opioid addiction, they were symptoms of meth addiction.

In the last three years, meth use has more than tripled across the United States but little has been spoken about this trend. Some critics of the media’s coverage of what they consider to be America’s drug problem rather than opioid problem believe some of the reasons for this involve the nature of the drugs themselves. For instance, opioids have Medication Assisted Treatments (MAT) such as naloxone which have been shown to not only prevent death from overdose, but also contribute to treatment facilities which handle addiction. Some drugs have shown that they can curb withdrawal symptoms which often drive an addict to continue using a drug as well as reduce the feeling of the drug as well as cravings. This makes it an ‘easy solution’ for which the government can throw money and be fairly confident that immediate results will be seen in at least one or two measuring points.

Meth on the other hand has no such ‘magic bullet’. Furthermore, it also hasn’t been especially resulting from more legitimate arms of society such as the medical community. Opioid addictions have ties to pharmaceutical companies which have over-encouraged doctors to prescribe the potentially habit forming drugs both without warning the patient that the drug is addictive but more more often as well. Methamphetamines are essentially on the same playing field as cocaine, a drug that is ‘out there’ instead of ‘in here’ like oxycodone and other opioids. It’s an easy excuse to say it’s a problem of the ‘they’ and ‘them’, who are effectively ‘over there’, not in your local hospital.

This, however, hasn’t changed the truth that meth use is just as much, if not more, of an epidemic that has momentum towards claiming more and more lives.

“If we had five or six miracle drugs, it’s still gonna be difficult to know which one that patient needs,” said EMS physician director for Houston, Dr. David Persse. Meth isn’t as simple and as it continues to spread in use, it’s only a matter of time before the media will call an opioid-style attention to it, but by then it will have been much too late. A snake in the grass that seemingly took everyone by surprise.

Discovery InstituteAddiction is a serious illness that affects all kinds of people and doesn’t discriminate. If you or someone you know is seeking detox centers in NJ, Discovery Institute (844-478-6563) offers a variety of treatment options as one of the best rehab centers in New Jersey. Discovery’s counselors are among the top experts within rehabs in NJ.


The Scope of Addictions

A possibly-wise person once said, “Businesses know more about addiction than anyone else in any other field”. As time goes on and research becomes more revealing about the illness of addiction, it’s slowly turning out that, while this statement may be more accusatory than factual when it comes to most industries, there may be some truth into it.

For instance, gambling addiction was medically recognized as an addiction in 2013. Gambling addiction often conjures the same behaviors to protect and feed the addiction as someone addicted to cocaine or heroin; the person commits to actions which they know are detrimental to their financial and personal well-being that they consciously know are going to have those consequences and some even attempt suicide like those with substance abuse disorders to drugs such as cocaine, often times as a result of those consequences and addiction induced depression.

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, a consultant psychiatrist who’s spearheading a new internet and gaming addiction facility in cooperation with England’s National Health Services (NHS), says compulsions flit between different vices but addiction is “an illness we don’t yet know enough about.” Recently the World Health Organization (WHO) added gaming addiction to it’s gaming disorder in it’s official diagnosis guidelines.

While these are seen as ‘lesser’ than substance use disorders due to the seemingly exclusive behavioral elements of them along with the legality and history surrounding other addictions, neuroscience has now largely accepted that the root of all of these behaviors, whether involving substances or social media, is driven primarily by dopamine. When neuroscientists have been able to study the brain behaviors to make comparisons between such addictions that are largely dismissed as ‘non-addictions’ such as sex-addiction, they find the brain responses are nearly identical to those with drug addiction.

It’s true that no one can overdose on gaming or shopping, but the similarities to addictive drug behaviors opens up a path that can separate drug effects from the addiction itself, possibly providing a better understanding of the illness physically within an addict. This has the potential lead to more effect addiction treatment in New Jersey for people suffering from substance use disorders which have a myriad of other physical effects that complicate the study of addiction. When a person’s body becomes codependent on a drug like heroin or cocaine, withdrawal symptoms and addiction become cloudy as to what exactly is happening; is the drug itself causing the effects or is it the brain itself?

At the core of all addictions is dopamine, a neurochemical responsible for ‘craving’. Terry Robinson, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at the University of Michigan stated, “Whether it’s drugs, sex, gambling or whatever, you’re looking at impulse-control disorders where people have difficulty refraining from maladaptive use. There are certainly similarities in terms of the psychological and microbiological mechanisms involved.”

A key finding of Robinson’s research over the years identified that ‘wanting’ something is separated from ‘liking’ something when it comes to addiction, a key to unlocking more effective future New Jersey detox which are likely to include Medication Assisted Treatments (MAT) that can separate these two relationships in a person’s behavior impulses towards everything from cocaine and heroin to sodas and social-media.

Discovery InstituteThe field is relatively young compared to all other medical sciences but slowly, the secrets of the illness are being discovered.

If you suffer from addiction and want to return to sober living in New Jersey, call Discovery Institute at 844-478-6563.

Opioids Just One Part of The Picture In New Jersey

Opioid addiction is going to be one of the highlights of the 2010’s years from now. We’ll remember the headlines, the panic, the coverage and unfortunately for some, those lost to the drug. However, it has been highly effective at masking a much larger story affecting New Jersey and most of the country; drug addiction, overdose and crime is on the rise for all drugs, including alcohol, meth and cocaine in addition to a steep rise in prescription drug abuse.

Jim Hall, a senior epidemiologist, gave a sobering presentation at Perona Farms recently covering patterns of addiction, overdose and general use from 1880 to 2018 within the state. Hall pointed out a few alarming trends that painted a rather depressing picture of drug use trends that appear to be on the rise today. For instance, since 1995, Ritalin and Adderall use quintupled, which are a drug typically prescribed for behavioral therapy and has a close relationship to the illegal drug meth, with a majority of the use coming from high school and college students, setting them up for addiction that has a high potential of leading to full blown meth addiction.

Hall’s presentation, which included 120 slides full of numbers, maps and statistics, also pointed out that nationwide, meth deaths between 1999 and 2012 were fewer than 2500 total. In 2017 alone, there were 10,721 cases, a ridiculously large spike. New Jersey’s numbers reflected similar changes in use. Hall pointed out that meth today versus then is much more potent and dangerous which contributes to the level of overdoses that have been seen in recent years, but doesn’t believe that this alone is the sole reason for the increase; people are using meth in higher numbers, too.

Other speakers at the event included Sussex County Prosecutor Francis Koch, who provided county specific statistics, which also painted a rather bleak picture, Dr. Michael Ganon who spoke about the advances of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) for alcohol and opioid addictions, Dr. Lina Shihabuddin who shared information about the role of alcohol, benzodiazepines and amphetamines in Hall’s numbers, Timothy McMahon, a special agent with the DEA in New Jersey, who discussed the dangers of fentanyl and counterfeit prescription drugs along with another 18 exhibitors. One thing was certain; addictive substances on the whole are increasing in usage.

Discovery InstituteBecky Carlson, executive director of the Center for Prevention and Counseling which held the symposium called “Connecting the Continuum: Emerging Drug Trends, Substance Use Disorders and Advances in Recovery”, along with Tina Aue, director of prevention services at the Center, hold the event twice a year in order to provide tools and resources for various addiction treatment NJ services to network and pool resources in order to stay on top of drug trends and promote sober living in New Jersey.

Finding rehabs in NJ is as easy as calling Discovery New Jersey at 844-478-6563.


Finding the Right Addiction Treatment Facility

Battling and overcoming an addiction is never simple, especially if you have struggled with an addiction to alcohol, opioids, or even prescription medication for years or even decades. Seeking help and proper treatment is essential to prevent relapses while reducing the temptation to use substances again throughout your journey to sobriety. Before choosing the addiction treatment facility and program that is right for you, it is important to consider your needs and the type of solutions available in your area.

Inpatient Rehab Treatment Centers

Inpatient rehab treatment centers require individuals who are enrolled in a treatment to remain on the premise throughout the entire duration of the program they have chosen. Most inpatient rehab centers and facilities offer 30, 60, and 90-day programs depending on your needs and whether you arrive voluntarily or due to a court order. Inpatient rehab centers work with you throughout the detoxing process while providing medically trained staff and professionals who work with those struggling with addiction each day. Living in a zero-tolerance atmosphere throughout the duration of your rehabilitation program is a way to gain perspective without feeling tempted to dabble in drugs or alcohol throughout your stay.

Medically-Monitored Detox

Inpatient rehab treatment centers are ideal for those who struggle with severe physical addictions to drugs or alcohol. A medically-monitored detox is necessary for those who are physically addicted to alcohol, opioids, or potentially dangerous prescription medications. Medically-monitored detox treatments help to prevent seizures, heart failure, comas, and even death while eliminating substances from the body in a safe and healthy manner.

Intensive Outpatient Treatment Programs

Intensive outpatient treatment programs provide support, professional assistance, and guidance from those who specialize in addiction treatment without requiring you to uproot your living situations. Outpatient programs provide more freedom and flexibility by allowing individuals to live at home or with a relative throughout the treatment process. Oftentimes, outpatient programs provide both individual counseling along with group therapy sessions to encourage open and honest communication with professionals and peers alike.

Therapy Solutions

Both inpatient and outpatient rehab treatment centers provide various therapy solutions. Individual counseling is one way to overcome your struggles with addiction by understanding triggers and root causes of the addiction you face itself. Additionally, group therapy and CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) sessions are also extremely beneficial to discover how you can face your addiction head-on without feeling ashamed or guilty of your past behavior.

Understanding what both inpatient and outpatient rehab facilities have to offer is a way to choose a program that is most suitable for your needs and the addiction you are facing. With the right addiction treatment facility, begin rebuilding your life without the use of substances to get you through each day. Choosing an addiction treatment center that is most suitable for you is a way to get your life on track for a happier, healthier, and more fulfilling future.

If you or someone you know is in need of addiction treatment NJ, visit our official website at DiscoveryNJ.org to learn more about our treatment programs or contact us today.

Opioids are Widely used Drugs in Today’s World 

Do you live in the in New Jersey or the surrounding area and need addiction treatment? Addiction treatment in New Jersey and sobriety remain only a phone call away. 

Opioid use and addiction have increased dramatically in the last few years. Using opiates starts innocently enough. You may have an injury, surgery or a dental procedure that is painful and be given a prescription pain medication to ease your pain. Unfortunately, taking these medications remains the beginning of opioid addiction.

It’s not all your fault. Opium-based medications are highly addictive. But admitting that you have a problem with opioids or any other kind of drug remains the initial step to dealing with any addiction.

Some of the types of opioids that are available both legally and illegally are:

• Percocet
• Oxycodone
• Fentanyl
• Heroin

More substances besides opioids remain abused, such as:
• Meth or methamphetamines
• Cocaine
• Alcohol

What can you do to get off of these drugs? The first and most important suggestion is that you get help from a reliable drug and alcohol treatment center. Addiction treatment in New Jersey keeps you in a centralized location on the east coast of the US. Plus, a qualified treatment program offers inpatient, outpatient, detox, and sober living situations to help you get drug free and sober once and for all.

Inpatient or Outpatient Rehab

Whether you go to inpatient or outpatient rehab remains a personal decision in most cases. If you need to care for your family or continue to work to provide for others, you may choose to go to outpatient therapy. In intensive outpatient therapy, you attend group therapy meetings and cognitive therapy individual treatment during times when you don’t have school or work. In inpatient therapy, you’ll live at rehab and participate in their treatment program. Either method of attending rehab is effective.

Counseling in Rehab for Drug and Alcohol Addiction

Two basic types of counseling exist in most high-quality rehab facilities, namely individual and group counseling. These two types of counseling utilize cognitive behavior principles to help addicts stay off their drug of choice. Cognitive behavior therapy, or CBT, uses therapy to modify and work with dysfunctional emotions. CBT focuses its energies on changing behavior and distorted ways of thinking. Harmful thoughts become identified during this process, and a plan to change these harmful thoughts helps you keep from harming yourself with substance abuse.
Group therapy utilizes a small group of people like those in a 12-step group to assist each other with the daily struggles that all addicts encounter.
Sober Living NJ
Eventually, you will be able to start heading back out into society as a sober individual once again. To gain some practice in working, going to school, and participating with people outside of a treatment setting, you’ll be able to live in a sober house for a while. You’ll have responsibilities in this house, but you’ll also have more freedom, too.
To get started with addiction treatment whether the substance you’re hooked on is an opioid or any other, contact us today.

No Opioid is Benign, Not Even Codeine

Codeine is a seems like an innocent opioid. Doctors prescribe the drug to people who suffer from mild amounts of pain. They also prescribe it as a cough syrup to treat severe colds or respiratory issues like bronchitis. The drug affects the patient by blocking pain they are experiencing as a result of being ill, and also weakens the symptoms of the illness. When it is administered it is often combined with acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen. This practice increases the potency of the prescription without having to increase the dosage. Not having to increase the amount of opioid in someone’s system is good, but even these additives can cause serious medical problems of their own when taken against guidelines.

Codeine is a fast acting drug. It lasts about two hours before the more potent effects of codeine begin to weaken in the body. Though codeine seems like no big deal, opioids feed into one another. As tolerance builds and the user plateaus they seek out more potent opioids and can eventually lead all the way to the deadly opioid, fentanyl. Doctors must take responsibility for doing due diligence and being clear with patients about the gravity of opioid addiction and also clear that codeine will easily lead them down that path.


Codeine Side Effects

Some of the side effects of Codeine are:

  • Itching
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dry Mouth
  • Miosis
  • Orthostatic Hypotension
  • Urinary Retention
  • Euphoria
  • Dysphoria
  • Coughing


Rare side effects:

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Seizure
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Respiratory depression


Possible long-term effects of codeine usage

  • A lesser libido or sex drive
  • Persistent apathy
  • Memory Loss


Decoding the Opioid Epidemic

Everyday the headlines show us the severity of the opioid epidemic in New Jersey, and throughout the United States. Opioids have snuck up on the human race and are slaying large swaths of our population. The World Health Organization explains that the problem of opioid addiction is a top killer throughout the world today. An astounding 74% of people who died from drug related problems in 2015 suffered from death due to some form of opioid related medical complications be it via fatal overdose or complications due to long term use of the drugs, such as heart failure, or pulmonary complications. According to the World Health Organization “Roughly 450,000 people died as a result of drug use in 2015. Of those deaths, about 160 thousands were directly associated with drug use disorders and about 118 thousands with opioid use disorders.” In 2016 the number of drug related deaths in the world skyrocketed to a disturbing 190 thousand. (http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/information-sheet/en/)


What Are Opioids and Opiates? Is there a difference?

Both “opiate” and “opioid are used to talk about the epidemic going in the world.  The media isn’t always clear what the difference is between the two words.


What are Opiates

An “opiate” is a narcotic analgesic drug found in nature in an opium poppy. It is the purest form of the drug and is often utilized to make synthetic versions that mimic the effects of the natural drug.  

Some common forms of opiates that come from the poppy plant include:

  • Opium
  • Heroin
  • Codeine
  • Thebaine
  • Morphine


What are Opioids: “Opioid” is a term that covers both the pure form of the intoxicant, opiates, as well as the synthetic forms.


Some common forms of opioids include:

  • Hydrocodone
  • Oxycodone, OxyContin, Percocet, or Percodan
  • Hydromorphone, or Dilaudid
  • Duragesic, or fentanyl


The Effect Opioids Have on The Body

Discovery InstituteOpioids bind to the opioid receptors in the brain. These receptors include the limbic system, the brainstem, and also the spinal cord. When opioids attach themselves to these centers in the brain, it changes the way that pain affects the body, the pleasure center and the reward center are also affected, thus giving the nervous system a completely new way of working within the body.


  • The Spinal Cord – This is one of the places opioids go to lessen pain.  The spinal cord is part of the nervous system. The nervous system takes in messages that the body puts out from different organs and other systems of the body. It filters through the messages, and delivers them to the brain.
  • The Brainstem –  The brainstem is the control center for a body’s automatic functions.  The brainstem controls the vital actions in the body such as breathing, the mechanism of their heart beat, among other important actions. When opioids affect the brainstem it slows down and does the work of reducing the experience of pain for the user.
  • The Limbic System – The limbic system is a collection of the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, basal ganglia, and cingulate gyru. These parts of the body come together to make the system in the body that filters incoming messages from outside of the body. The system plays an important role in the banking of memories. It helps the body by interpreting body language, voice inflection and more. When an opioid affects these receptors they cause relaxation from anxiety, pleasure, and a sense of contentment.


Signs & Symptoms that someone is suffering from an opioid addiction

  • Dehydration
  • Constipation
  • Upset Stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Sedation
  • Dizziness
  • Growing tolerance
  • Higher likelihood of infectious disease
  • Chemical dependence
  • Respiratory depression
  • Overdose
  • Death


Withdrawal symptoms that someone may suffer when going through opioid detox

  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Panic attacks
  • Muscle pain
  • Bone pain
  • Insomnia
  • Flu like symptoms
  • Stomach aches
  • Difficulty regulating body temperature
  • Serious cravings


The good news is that there is hope for those who suffer from an addiction to opioids. Discovery Institute, the best New Jersey rehab offers comprehensive addiction treatment. New Jersey detox facilities like Discovery Institute can offer support in the form of qualified therapists and medical professionals. Call us today to learn more.

Side Effects of Cocaine and Treatment at The Best New Jersey Rehab

Cocaine causes a user to feel full of energy. They may even feel somewhat invincible with their heart beats pounding in their rib cage, their eyes wide and pupils, dilated, taking in more light than ever. Everything feels possible. Until they crash and come down, finding themselves right back in the place that they were before taking the drug, likely even more down and ashamed than before the high.


Cocaine is a natural upper. This means that instead of slowing down the systems in the body the way that opioids or sedatives do, the drug makes the user feel full of energy, makes them more alert and focused on whatever the task at hand. It is not hard to see why a person would be so drawn to a substance of this nature. In today’s world, expectations are high. Work and responsibilities are asking more of people than ever before. It is completely obvious why someone would be drawn to a drug that makes you feel like you have the energy you can never seem to find.

However, there are many dangerous and negative side effects that someone suffering from cocaine addiction will encounter. Luckily with treatment at detox centers in NJ it is possible to reach a place of sober living. New Jersey offers some of the best rehab facilities in the nation and at Discovery Institute you can find the path to sobriety again.


Side Effects of Cocaine

Discovery InstituteMood Changes: Though the initial effects of cocaine can be an elevated mood, it is not always a lasting positive moods change. A bad trip for a user can turn from motivated and happy energy, to a restless anger, nerves, and even paranoia. The paranoia can sometimes create a violent fear based reaction in a user, and they may become volatile and dangerous to themselves or others.


Makes A User Feel Sick: Cocaine can make a user feel sick. It can catalyze extreme body discomfort and pain in the stomach, headaches, nausea leading to vomiting. It can even cause a user to shake or pass out.


Loss of Appetite: Cocaine, like many uppers, can cause a severe loss of appetite, perhaps even spurring rapid and dangerous weight loss. This can eventually lead to malnutrition and even death when the drug addiction is unchecked.


Cardiac Complications: Because of the energy  that cocaine creates in a person’s body, the cardiac muscle suffers. When a person’s body is pushing for days at a time and their heart rate is sped up so much, the heart’s physiology can even change. All of this speed can lead to heart attack and death.


Stroke: For the same reasons someone using cocaine may cause an addict to suffer from a heart attack, they may also experience a stroke, which some people describe as a heart attack in your brain, leading to slurred speech and possibly death.


Infectious Diseases: Cocaine is sometimes mixed with water or alcohol and injected. Anytime someone uses a drug intravenously, it becomes more likely that the person will contract some kind of infectious disease like HIV or Hepatitis.


How Can a User Know if They’re Overdosing?

A cocaine user should look for any of the following signs and symptoms of overdose:

  • Throwing up
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Feeling abnormally warm
  • Experiencing panic
  • Seeing hallucinations

Cocaine Chemical Dependency Treatment & Rehabilitation

Cocaine has a short half life in the body so users often come back to the drug over and over to find that focus and drive that initially made them feel invincible, or at least like they could manage their lives. The problem is though that with the side effects of the drug, and the short life of a high, those addicted to the drug experience strong cravings that feel sometimes to be impossible to overcome. Treatment is needed for successful recovery. If you have questions about drug and alcohol addiction treatment call Discovery Institute today.