For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder, and could potentially benefit from sober living in NJ. Whether someone has a problem with alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence, the following can give you a clear picture of what happens when consuming large amounts of alcohol.
Effects Inside the Body
When a drink is consumed, it passes down the esophagus, through the stomach, and into the small intestine. The bloodstream then rapidly transports the ethanol throughout the body, where it is absorbed into bodily tissues.
The liver detoxifies and removes the alcohol from the blood, while a minute amount is excreted unchanged in the breath, sweat, and urine. How quickly it’s absorbed and metabolized by the liver depends on the alcoholic content of the drink and whether you have eaten.
After leaving the liver, the kidneys direct fluids straight to the bladder. Drinking large amounts of alcohol will cause you to urinate excessively and speed up the loss of fluid from the body. This contributes to dehydration, which can then lead to a hangover.
The vast majority of alcohol then enters the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine. Consequently, your blood alcohol content goes up as your body begins taking in alcohol faster than it can release it.
Effects Inside the Brain
Some familiar signs of drunkenness are caused by signals in the brain. Slurred speech, memory lapses, and falling down all occur because of the way alcohol affects the brain and central nervous system.
Cerebral cortex – Alcohol depresses the behavioral inhibitory centers in the cerebral cortex. This makes a person less inhibited with slow thought processes and the inability to think clearly. Processing of information from the eyes, ears, mouth, and other senses is also slowed.
Cerebellum – Alcohol affects this center of movement and balance, resulting in the staggering, off-balance swagger we associate with being drunk.
Medulla – By acting on the medulla, alcohol induces sleepiness. It can also slow breathing and lower body temperature, which can be life-threatening in certain circumstances.
Sober Living in NJ Can Help Alcoholism
If you are looking to get sober or have already started toward recovery, the Discovery Institute offers a men’s sober living home. Our 16-bed halfway house can help men as they build a strong recovery foundation, secure employment, and transition into life as a productive member of society. Contact us for more information on sober living in NJ.